Fourteen Stages of Spiritual Progress
(fourteen gunasthanas)

 

Gunasthana

Behavioral and Psychological Characteristics at that Stage.

Level

1

Mithyatva

Lowest stage, ignorance, delusion, negative attitude towards reality

Ignorance

2

Sasadana

Indifference to reality, vague memory of spiritual insight

Confused

3

Misra

Fleeting moments of curiosity towards reality

Mixed

4

Avirati

Awareness of reality positive attitude and trust in it combined with willingness to practice self-discipline (Progressive Samyak Darshan)

Awakening

5

Desa-virati

Introductory vows, 11 step climb of pratima ladder begins

Lay vows

6

Pramatta or Sarva-virati

Ascetic vows, firm resolve to control passions; may fail due to lack of full control over passions or due to carelessness (pramatta) (Progressive Samyak Charitra)

Starting ascetic life

7

Apramatta Virati

Intense practice of vows has increased self-control and virtually replaced carelessness with spiritual vigilance and vigor (aprammatta); passions are under greater but not total control. 

Determined effort for self-control

8

Apurva-karana

Near total self-control over actions, higher control over mind, thought and passions ready for suppression or annihilation of the conduct-deluding karma. 

Self-discipline

9

Anivritti-karana

Intense spiritual activity, higher control over passions suppression, and elimination of conduct-deluding karma begins. 

Increased self-discipline

10

Suksma-samparaya

Almost complete elimination of all passions except for subtle degree of attachment  conduct-deluding karma virtually eliminated. (i.e. almost total Samyak Charitra)

 

11

Upasanta-moha

Suppressed passions and lingering conduct-deluding karma may rise to drag the ascetic to lower stages; fleeting experience of equanimity.

 

12

Kshina-moha

This is the point of no return.  All passions as well as conduct-deluding karma are eliminated.  Permanent internal peace achieved. No new bondage

 

13

Sayoga-kevalin

All Ghatiya karma eliminated.  Omniscience achieved, Arhat stage reached. Perfected soul trapped in the physical body.  (Total Samyak Jnana achieved).

Arhat

14

Ayoga-kevlin

Liberation!  Siddha stage reached.  Purest soul no physical body.

Moksha

 

Reproduced from:  Jainism and the New Spirituality; Prof. Vastupal Parikh, Peace Publications, 2nd edition, 2006  


 

Reproduced from:  Jainism and the New Spirituality; Prof. Vastupal Parikh, Peace Publications, 2nd edition, 2006  

 

 

 

Reproduced from:  Jainism and the New Spirituality; Prof. Vastupal Parikh, Peace Publications, 2nd edition, 2006  

 

NAMO ARAHAMTANAM
(I bow and seek inspiration from those souls who having gained total victory over themselves and have shown us the path to moksha.)

NAMO SIDDHANAM
(I bow and seek inspiration from all the perfect, pure and liberated souls.)

NAMO AYARIYANAM
(I bow and seek inspiration from the heads of the religious orders)

NAMO UVAJJHAYANAM
(I bow and seek inspiration from the teachers of the scriptures)

NAMO LOE SAVVA SAHUNAM
(I bow and seek inspiration from all the ascetic monks and nuns in the world)

ESO PANCHA NAMOKKARO
SAVVA PAVA PANAASANO
MANGALANAM CHA SAVVESIM
PADHAMAM HAVAI MANGALAM
(Salutations to these five types of great souls will help diminish my inauspicious karma.  These salutations are so auspicious as to bring everyone happiness and peace.)

 

Reproduced from:  Jainism and the New Spirituality; Prof. Vastupal Parikh, Peace Publications, 2nd edition, 2006  

 

 

 

 

TIRTHANKARA

EMBLEM

1.

Rikhava/Rishabhadev/Adi-natha

Rishabha

Bull

2.

Ajita-natha

Elephant

3.

Sambhava-natha

Horse

4.

Abhinandana-natha

Ape

5.

Sumati-natha

Red Bird /Partridge

6.

Padmaprabhu

Red Lotus

 

7.

Suparsva-natha

Swastika

8.

Chandraprabhu

Crescent Moon

9.

Suvidihi-natha/Pushpadanta

Crocodile

 

10.

Sitala-natha

Shrivatsa/Kalpa-vruksha

 (

11.

Sreyamsa-natha

Rhinoceros

12.

Vasupujya-swami

Buffalo

13.

Vimala-natha

Boar

14.

Ananta-natha

Hawk/Eagle

 

15.

Dharma-natha

Thunderbolt

16.

Shanti-natha

Deer

17.

Kunthu-natha

Goat

 

18.

Aranatha

Stylized Swastika/Fish

19.

Malli-natha

Water Jar

20.

Munisuvrata-swami

Tortoise

21.

Nami-natha

Blue Lotus

22.

Aristanemi-swami/Nemi-natha

Conch Shell

23.

Parsava-natha

Cobra

24.

Mahavira-swami

Lion

 

 

 

 

Reproduced from:  Jainism and the New Spirituality; Prof. Vastupal Parikh, Peace Publications, 2nd edition, 2006  

 

Nine Operating Principles of the Universe (Navatattva)

Principle

Operation

Jiva Exists

Each soul has been in a polluted state forever.  Impure souls are trapped in Samsara.  Humans can purify their souls.

Ajiva Exists

Material particles pollute the soul.  Time and space enable elements to change modes.

Asrava

Vibrations created by impure soul attract karmic particles

Bandha

Passion-based activities create bonds between the soul and the karmic particles.

Punya

Bondage resulting from auspicious activities - produce good results.

Papa

Bondage resulting from inauspicious activities - produce bad results.

Samvara

Austerities and self-control enable us to control or eliminate passions and thus to stop new bondage.

Nirjara

(1) Bonded particles fall off naturally after fruition.
(2) Bonded particles forced to fall off through austerities and penance.

Moksha

At higher levels of spiritual progress, asrava becomes negligible and nirjara dominates resulting in total elimination of karmic particles.

 

Reproduced from:  Jainism and the New Spirituality; Prof. Vastupal Parikh, Peace Publications, 2nd edition, 2006  

 

 

 

Reproduced from:  Jainism and the New Spirituality; Prof. Vastupal Parikh, Peace Publications, 2nd edition, 2006

Reproduced from:  Jainism and the New Spirituality; Prof. Vastupal Parikh, Peace Publications, 2nd edition, 2006